Maintaining good oral health is essential for a healthy body. However, sometimes, brushing and flossing alone may not be enough to keep your teeth and gums healthy. One of the most common dental problems people face is periodontal disease. In this article, we will explore what periodontal disease is, its causes, and its treatment options.
The skilled team at Howell Dentistry of Suffolk, VA, is proud to serve the local community with premium dental services, including restoring your quality of life and healthcare.
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an infection that affects the gums and the tissues surrounding the teeth. It is caused by bacteria that live in the plaque and tartar that accumulate on your teeth over time. Periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss and other health complications if left untreated.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
The main cause of periodontal disease is poor oral hygiene. When you do not brush and floss regularly, plaque and tartar can build up on your teeth, leading to an infection in your gums. Other factors that can contribute to periodontal disease include smoking, genetics, hormonal changes, and certain medications.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
Some common symptoms of periodontal disease include:
- Bleeding gums when you brush or floss
- Swollen, red, or tender gums
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth or changes in your bite
- Persistent bad breath
If you experience any of these symptoms, scheduling an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible is essential.
Treatment Options for Periodontal Disease
The treatment for periodontal disease depends on the severity of the infection.
Scaling and Root Planing
The treatment for periodontal disease depends on the severity of the infection. If the condition is caught early, your dentist may recommend a deep cleaning procedure called scaling and root planing. During this procedure, your dentist will remove the plaque and tartar buildup from your teeth and roots, smoothing out the surfaces to prevent bacteria from growing back.
In more severe cases of periodontal disease, your dentist may recommend surgery. One of the most common types of periodontal surgery is flap surgery. During this procedure, your dentist will lift the gums away from the teeth and clean the pockets of bacteria. Then, they will reattach the gums to the teeth to reduce the pocket size and prevent bacteria from growing back.
Bone and Tissue Grafts
Another treatment option for periodontal disease is bone and tissue grafts. If you have lost bone or gum tissue due to the disease, grafts can help to regenerate new tissue and bone, improving the overall health of your gums. The procedure involves taking bone or tissue from another part of your body or using a donor and placing it in the affected area. This process helps to strengthen the supporting structures of your teeth and improve the overall health of your gums.
Your Trusted Dental Care Team
Periodontal disease is a severe condition that can cause significant damage to your gums and teeth if left untreated. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings can help prevent periodontal disease, but if you do develop the condition, several treatment options are available. Remember to maintain good oral hygiene habits and contact your dentist if you notice any signs of gum disease, such as bleeding or swollen gums.
During your appointment with the proficient team at Howell Dentistry of Suffolk, VA, you can be sure you receive the proper care and guidance you deserve.